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Foodborne Infections in Germany During 2018

08/19/2019

The Infectious Disease Epidemiology Annual Report for 2018 released on July 29th by the Robert Koch Institute documents the incidence of foodborne infection in Germany.  The rates for specified infections were at:-

 

  • Campylobacterosis: 78.0/100,000
     
  • Salmonellosis: 15.6/100,000
     
  • STEC: 2.5/100,000
     
  • Listeriosis: 1/100,000

 
Norovirus incidence attained 94 per 100,000 and was considered the leading gastrointestinal infection.
 
The report produced by the Robert Koch Institute follows passage of the German Prevention and Control of Infections Act of 2016 that mandated reporting of emerging diseases and drug- resistant pathogens.
 
During 2018 whole genome sequencing was extensively applied, demonstrating that the increase in Salmonella Enteritidis complex type 1734 was from eggs derived from barns and free-range flocks.  A total of 191 cases were diagnosed in a number of states and molecular typing identified 24 small outbreaks.  Most of the other serotypes identified including Salmonella Infantis, S. Kentucky and S. Derby were acquired during foreign travel.
 
As with many national surveys, apparent increases in incidences might be attributed to enhanced diagnostic procedures and collation of regional databases.